Deserts in Iran

Deserts in Iran

 Dasht-e-Kavir:

It is known as Kavir-e-Namak and the great Salt Desert. It is a large desert lying in the middle of the Iranian Plateau. It’s about 800km (500mi) and 320km (200mi) with a total surface area of about 77600km (300000 sq mi) making it the earth’s 23rd largest desert. The area of this desert stretches from the Alborz mountain rage in the north-west to the Dasht-e-Loot in the south-east and is partitioned between the Iranian province of Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, Isfahan and Yazd. Dasht means “plain” in Persian. “Namak” means “Salt”. The Dasht-e-Kavir’s climate is arid and receives little rain and snow each year. Vegetation in the Dasht-E-Kavir is adopted to the hot and arid climate as well as to the saline soil in which it is rooted. The extreme heat and many storms in Dasht-e-Kavir causes extensive erosion, which makes it almost impossible to cultivate the lands. This desert is almost uninhabited and knows little exploitation.

 

Dasht-e-Loot:

It is a large salt desert in Kerman and Sistan and Baluchistan province, Iran and is the world’s 25th largest desert. In fact, it is considered as one of the world’s hottest and driest places, with a height of 56 meters above the sea level and a temperature that reaches up to 65 C. It is also known to be the world’s 25th largest desert. Because of its extremely hot temperature, Dasht-e-Loot desert is also known as “Gandom Beryan” which means “Roasted Grain”. Between June and October, this arid subtropical area is swept by strong winds, which transport sediment and cause Aeolian erosion on a colossal scale.

 

Kavir National Park:

Kavir national park is protected ecological zone in northern Iran. It has an area of 4000 square kilometers (1500mile). The park is located 120 kilometers south of Tehran and 100 kilometers east of Qom and it sits on the western end of one of the Iran’s two major deserts, Dasht-e-Kavir. The park encompasses landscapes of desert and steppes, and is sometimes host to car racing competitions that has led many unique animal species, such as the Persian Zebras to flee secure anymore.

 

Maranjab Desert:

It is located in Aran va bidgol, Iran and around 60km north-east of Kashan and it is in Isfahan province. The diversity of animal species and vegetation in desert area draw many tourists to this area. Much of the desert is covered with dunes and sabulous. Maranjab is very rich in terms of vegetation. The main vegetation consists of salt-friendly plans including tamarisk trees and bushes arch.

 

Polond Desert:

It is also known as Mozaffari Desert, located 40 kilometers west of Ferdows, south Khorasan Province, Iran. Polond desert is placed inside the Mozaffari protected Area, near the village chah-e-poland in Ferdows county. It is 92.808 hectares (229.330 acres).

 

Khavansar:

Khvansar is a city in and the capital of Khvansar County, Isfahan Province, Iran. As of the 2006 census, its population was 20.490, in 6.019 families. Khvansar is located in a place not far from central desert of Iran and just 150km from Isfahan. It is 900 square km and situated in central part of Iran surrounded by Zagros Mountain.

 

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