Visiting Iran natural wonders is a crucial part of your journey to the magical land of beauty. The Iranian Plateau covers an extensive area and it is one of the world’s most mountainous countries. If mosques and ancient ruins aren’t enough to satisfy a sightseeing tour, Iran’s varied and dramatic landscapes offer the demanding traveler a wealth of awe-inspiring, unspoiled views to discover; from mountains to deserts, to forests and caves. Here we introduce some of the most famous mountains of Iran.
At a height of 18,410 feet, the highest mountain in the Middle East, is a volcanic mountain lays in the middle of the Elburz Range. Elburz mountain range runs from west to east of Iran along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Visible from Tehran on a clear day, the mountain is snowcapped all year round. Mount Damavand is integral to Persian mythology. According to a popular legend, a three-head dragon was chained to the mountain to stay there until the end of the time. Mount Damavand is also believed to have magical powers. The hot springs found on the sides of the mountain indicate volcanic activity beneath the surface. The mountain has a wealth of wildlife that includes wild goats and sheep, bears, and leopards. Multiple bird species are also found on the mountain. Wildflowers such as Mountain Tulips can be found all over Damavand.
Damavand is a worthy challenge for any accomplished mountaineer. One of the 16 different routes, Yakhan Valley, is considered impossible to ascend. Though most hikers hike the southern route, which has a hot spring, the more scenic path is through Dashte Dâgh. From Tehran, drive to Harâz Road toward Lâr dam, which takes you to Dashte Dâgh and Panâhgâh Simorgh hiking trails. Those who can make it to the peak will be rewarded with a breathtaking view of Lâr valley. Best time to visit this adorable wonder is summer.
Takhte Soleyman means Solomon’s Throne (seat). It refers to a peak and a sub-range (massif) in the Central Alborz Mountains of northern Iran.
Takhte Soleyman is a prominent peak that rises to the north of the 4850 m Alam Kooh Peak which is the highest point of the Takhte Soleyman Massif.
Mount Alam-Kuh is the second highest mountain in Iran at the height of 15.906 feet. Alam Kooh sits in the middle of the Takhte Soleyman Massif which has other peaks with comparable elevations. The northern slopes facing the Caspian Sea are humid and covered with vegetation while the southern slopes facing Iranian desert are dry and barren. The mountain top is covered with snow throughout the year.
The north face (a little toward north-west) is actually a giant vertical wall. This wall and impression of climbing it, is what makes Alamkooh famous and demanded for Iranian climbers. There is a glacier names “Alamchal” at the base of the north face that slightly rises up to about 4200m.
The summit of Alam Kooh is a gigantic rocky block that occupies the western one quarter of the ridgeline. Although there are four routes, the recommended one is from Roodbârak in Kelârdasht from the north. Visitors should drive 1.5 hours to Vandarbon and Khoramdasht. From there, it’s a 1.5 hour hike to the flatlands of Hesâr Châl, which are blanketed in grass and yellow flowers and surrounded by peaks and glacial lakes; A popular camping site in the summer. Wildlife there includes mountain goats and rams.
Located in Azerbaijan, Mount Sabalan also called Savalan, is an inactive volcano in the Elburz mountain range; A dormant volcano whose crater at 4,811 meters is a lake that freezes in the winter. It stands at 15,748 feet and is the third highest mountain in Iran. A little lake is on the top of its peak, which is created in the volcano hole. The mountain is endowed with magnificent scenes. It has a lake at the top which is frozen for the most of the year. Mineral springs said to have healing properties, run down the mountain slopes. The mountain has a majestic Eagle Statue carved out by nature. Sabalan is a famous tourist attraction in Iran. Additionally, it has religious significance for people who practice Zoroastrianism. These people believe that Zoroaster, founder of Zoroastrianism, meditated on Mount Sabalan.
The foothills are famous for their hot springs and valleys, the most well-known of which are Sarein and Shirvân Dareh. After visiting the sites in Ardebil, where Azeri Turkish is spoken, visitors can go to the hot springs of Ghotur Sui just before Meshkin Shahr (known for its âshe doogh soup) and then to the Shâbeel hot spring, which is surrounded by giant orange lilies. From here, only experienced and professional hikers should continue to the peak, as special equipment is required. July and August are the best times to visit.
Mount Azud Kuh is among the highest mountains in Iran, standing at a height of 14,288 feet. Azud Kuh means ‘free mountain’ in Persian. Iranian natives gave it the name due to its prominent peak that stands alone. The mountain has beautiful vegetation comprising of meadows. Mount Azud Kuh is often visited by mountain climbers due to its unique landscapes.
Talysh Mountain with its two peaks, Tilar and Baghro Dagh, lies along the borders of the provinces of Iranian Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan, merging natural and cultural diversity. Visitors will first encounter a forest, before coming upon a meadow where the sheep wear bells so as not to get lost in the mist brought from the Caspian Sea. From Soubatan village, which is full of flowers, visitors can hike to Abbas Yurdi and the foothills of Baghro Dagh where nomadic tents are spread, down to Tiun Lake. Tourists will brush with Talysh, Gilac, and Azeri Turkish languages and cultures, and the luckiest will be those who witness the nomadic kuch, migration.
Located in the Zagros Mountains in the Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Zard Kuh is named for its yellow dirt, and the highest peak, Kolunchin, stands at 4,221 meters. It’s recommended to start at Shahre Kord, the center of the province, and head toward Farsan and Chelgerd before arriving at Kohrang lake, where the bakhtiari nomadic tribe makes their summer migration. While spring is the best time to visit, there are slopes that make skiing possible in the winter.
In contrast to other mountains in Iran, which are rocky, Sahand is mostly dirt, making it ready for excellent pastures. It’s no wonder that the best sheep and cheese are from Lighvan, near Tabriz. The highest peaks, Jam and Kamal, can easily be reached with no equipment from two routes: Tabriz and Maragheh where visitors can witness nomadic life. To kill two birds with one stone, try Soltan Daghi peak. First, you can visit the troglodyte village of Kandovan, with its cone-shaped homes carved into Rocky Mountains, and then head toward the peak, passing the violet flowers in the foothills. If you can reach the peak, the view will compensate your efforts.
Alvand (3575 m.), one the most famous mountains of Iran, is placed near to the city of Hamedan, west of Iran. Mountain of Alvand belongs to pro-Zagros range. Its view from Hamedan is a beautiful conical. Alvand and Damavand are holy mountains in Iran.
The major route to the Summit is divided in to these tree steps:
1) Ganj-Nameh to Meydan-Mishan plateau.
2) Meydan-Mishan to Takhteh-Nader plateau.
3) Takhteh-Nader plateau to Alvand summit.
During summer it is possible to reach the summit in less than 3 hours without long pausing. In addition to high and steep peaks in Alvand Mountains, there are small plains which are covered with grasslands and numerous springs running within them and have become a place for the rest and halt of the mountaineers considering their enjoyment of almost flat surfaces.Tags:Alam-Kuh, Alvand, Azad-Kuh, damavand, iran mountains, mount climbing, Sabalan, Sahand Mountain, Talysh, Zard Kuh